flowersWater-Efficient Landscaping

Columbia’s most important reason for water-efficient landscaping is to preserve and extend the useful life of our present water supply — it’s one of our most precious resources. A considerable amount of water can be saved through well-planned and well-managed landscapes. So, try xeriscaping and spend less time watering, and more time enjoying your beautiful landscape!

  1. Divide the landscape into three water use zones: low, moderate and high. Place plants with high water requirements in areas that receive the most water, like drainage ways, depressions or bottom of hills.
  2. Shade, whether from plants or structures, helps cool the landscape and reduces water loss. A shaded landscape can be as much as 20% cooler than full sun areas.
  3. The key is to select plants according to the site conditions and stresses. Native Missouri plants are good choices since they tolerate wet spring soils and late summer drought. See the list of suggested plants below.
  4. Pay close attention to moisture in the soil to determine when to water. It also pays to do your homework on the water needs of the plants that you have selected for your yard.
  5. Clay soil types commonly found in Columbia don’t absorb water well. Deeply cultivated, amended soil will improve drainage, save water and keep your plants healthy.
  6. Mulch to retain moisture in the soil and prevent water robbing weeds. Avoid using rocks around your plants since the heat they radiate will increase evaporation.

ShrubsOrnamental GrassesPerennial Flowers
Autumn OlivePampas GrassBaptisia
BarberryTufted HairgrassButterfly Weed
Beauty BushWeeping LovegrassCompass Plant
BuckhornPlume GrassConeflower, purple
Button BushBlue FescueCoreopsis
ForsythiaFeather ReedgrassGoldenrod
HazlenutVelvet GrassGaillardia
Hydrangia ArborescensBottlebrush GrassHellanthus
Juniper speciesMiscanthusLiatris - Gayfeather
MockorangeCord GrassPrarie Coneflower
Pine - MughoBlue Oat GrassBlack-Eyed Susan
PrivetSwitch GrassRosinweed
PotentillaMoore GrassTall Bellflower
Quince - flowering
Rose (shrub)
Rose Acacia
Rose of Sharon

Interested in other outdoor water savings tips?